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Posted by on in Valve 101

ACTUATOR: A fluid-powered or electrically powered device that supplies force and motion to a VALVE CLOSURE MEMBER.

AIR SET: Also SUPPLY PRESSURE REGULATOR. A device used to reduce plant air supply to valve POSITIONERS and other control equipment. Common reduced air supply pressures are 20 and 35 psig.

AIR-TO-CLOSE: An increase in air pressure to the ACTUATOR is required to cause the valve to close. This is another way of saying the valve is Fail Open or Normally Open.

AIR-TO-OPEN: An increase in air pressure to the ACTUATOR is required to cause the valve to open. This is another way of saying the valve is FAIL CLOSED or NORMALLY CLOSED.

ANSI: An abbreviation for the American National Standards Institute.

ANTI-CAVITATION TRIM: A special trim used in CONTROL VALVES to stage the pressure drop through the valve, which will either prevent the CAVITATION from occurring or direct the bubbles that are formed to the center of the flow stream away from the valve BODY and TRIM. This is usually accomplished by causing the fluid to travel along a torturous path or through successively smaller orifices or a combination of both.

API: An abbreviation for the American Petroleum Institute.

ASME: An abbreviation for the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

ASTM: An abbreviation for the American Society for Testing and Materials.

BALANCED TRIM: A trim arrangement that tends to equalize the pressure above and below the valve plug to minimize the net static and dynamic fluid flow forces acting along the axis of the stem of a GLOBE VALVE. Some regulators also use this design, particularly in high pressure service.

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Posted by on in Valve 101

b2ap3_thumbnail_butterfly-valve-article-image.jpgThere are various butterfly valves being utilized in every industry imaginable. The butterfly valve, aka quarter-turn valve, is one of the most popular and economical valves. You may not realize it, but you encounter butterfly valves on a daily basis. These valves, made of carbon steel, cast iron, stainless steel or plastic, are being utilized in many applications where assorted types of fluids, gas, air, steam are being controlled by shut-off or throttling. This valve is excellent for shut-off applications and the disk can completely block the passageway for fluids.

The body of a butterfly valve is comprised of a metal disk with a rod that runs through the disk. The rod is connected to an actuator or a manual lever which controls the disk turning it parallel or perpendicular to the flow. Depending upon the application, the disk can be made of plastic, steel, carbon steel or stainless steel. There are different options of actuators for this valve: pneumatic, electric and electro-hydraulic, manual and a gear type.

There are 3 types of butterfly valves. The standard butterfly valve is the concentric butterfly valve. The disk is metal with a rubber seat. Next, is the doubly-eccentric butterfly valve consists of various types of material for the disk and seat. This one is more of a high-performance valve. Lastly, the triply-eccentric butterfly valve (known as triple offset butterfly valve) is utilized when the application requires tight shut-off when gas or oil are involved. Being the most of expensive of the butterfly valves, the seats are typically laminated or metal in design.

Butterfly valves can be wafer or lug style. You will see wafer style valves installed when the valve is between pipe flanges. Lug style simply means that there are holes machined so that it can be bolted to the flange. These valves are typically used in HVAC applications, water systems, OEM, or irrigation for positive shut-off. Lug style will be a bit more expensive and are used at the end of the line.

When it comes to ordering butterfly valves for your specific application, you want to make sure that you are ordering from reputable and experienced company such as Valtorc International. Before you order, please know what element(s) you are dealing with, know the size needed, type of material and pressure flow, if possible. We can offer an assortment of trim features to ensure a perfect match for your particular valve needs.

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Posted by on in Valve 101

API SPEC 6D
Specification for Pipeline Valves. API Specification 6D is an adoption of ISO 14313: 1999, Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries-Pipeline Transportation Systems-Pipeline Valves. This International Standard specifies requirements and gives recommendations for the design, manufacturing, testing and documentation of ball, check, gate and plug valves for application in pipeline systems.

API 600
Bolted Bonnet Steel Gate Valves for Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries - Modified National Adoption of ISO 10434:1998.

API 599
Metal Plug Valves - Flanged, Threaded and Welding Ends. A purchase specification that covers requirements for metal plug valves with flanged or butt-welding ends, and ductile iron plug valves with flanged ends, in sizes NPS 1 through NPS 24, which correspond to nominal pipe sizes in ASME B36.10M. Valve bodies conforming to ASME B16.34 may have flanged end and one butt-welding end. It also covers both lubricated and nonlubricated valves that have two-way coaxial ports, and includes requirements for valves fitted with internal body, plug, or port linings or applied hard facings on the body, body ports, plug, or plug port.

API 602
Compact Steel Gate Valves - Flanged, Threaded, Welding, and Extended-Body Ends. The standard covers threaded-end, socket-welding-end, butt-welding-end, and flanged-end compact carbon steel gate valves in sizes NPS4 and smaller.

API 603
Corrosion-Resistant, Bolted Bonnet Gate Valves - Flanged and Butt-Welding Ends. The standard covers corrosion-resistant bolted bonnet gate valves with flanged or butt-weld ends in sizes NPS 1/2 through 24, corresponding to nominal pipe sizes in ASME B36.10M, and Classes 150, 300, and, 600, as specified in ASME B16.34.

API 609
Butterfly Valves: Double Flanged, Lug- and Wafer-Type. The standard covers design, materials, face-to-face dimensions, pressure-temperature ratings, and examination, inspection, and test requirements for gray iron, ductile iron, bronze, steel, nickel-base alloy, or special alloy butterfly valves that provide tight shutoff in the closed position and are suitable for flow regulation.

API STD 594

Check Valves: Flanged, Lug, Wafer and Butt-welding. API Standard 594 covers design, material, face-to-face dimensions, pressure-temperature ratings, and examination, inspection, and test requirements for two types of check valves.

API 598
Valve Inspection and Testing. The standard covers inspection, supplementary examination, and pressure test requirements for both resilient-seated and metal-to-metal seated gate valve, globe valve, plug valve, ball valve, check valve, and butterfly valves. Pertains to inspection by the purchaser and to any supplementary examinations the purchaser may require at the valve manufacturer's plant.

API 607
Fire Test for Soft-Seated Quarter Turn Valves. The standard covers the requirements for testing and evaluating the performance of straightway, soft-seated quarter-turn valves when the valves are exposed to certain fire conditions defined in this standard. The procedures described in this standard apply to all classes and sizes of such valves that are made of materials listed in ASME B16.34.

API 6FA
Specification for Fire Test for Valves. The standard covers the requirements for testing and evaluating the performance of API Spec 6A and Spec 6D valves when exposed to specifically defined fire conditions.

ANSI/API 608
Metal Ball Valves - Flanged and Butt-Welding Ends. The standard covers Class 150 and Class 300 metal ball valves that have either butt-welding or flanged ends and are for use in on-off service.

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